Treatment of Head and Neck Cancer in India

Treatment of Head and Neck Cancer in India

As of 2020, there were an estimated 18.1 million Cancer cases worldwide. Though no recent data exist, doctors and medical researchers believe this stat hasn't fallen since 2020. Cancer is a medical condition that is caused by uncontrolled cell division. There are several kinds of cancer, for example, colon, brain, skin, blood, etc. Here we will discuss Head and Neck Cancer and its treatment in India. Even at Geetanjali Hospital, Udaipur, you can find all kinds of cancer treatment under one roof. We have a qualified team of Cancer Surgeons, Medical Oncologists, and Radiation Oncologists. We have Nuclear medicine department, Pain & Palliative Care department and world class technology at Geetanjali Cancer Centre. We have a tumor board where the team of doctors decides the best treatment for each patient.

Treatment of Head and Neck Cancer in India

As of 2020, there were an estimated 18.1 million Cancer cases worldwide. Though no recent data exist, doctors and medical researchers believe this stat hasn't fallen since 2020. Cancer is a medical condition that is caused by uncontrolled cell division. There are several kinds of cancer, for example, colon, brain, skin, blood, etc. Here we will discuss Head and Neck Cancer and its treatment in India. Even at Geetanjali Hospital, Udaipur, you can find all kinds of cancer treatment under one roof. We have a qualified team of Cancer Surgeons, Medical Oncologists, and Radiation Oncologists. We have Nuclear medicine department, Pain & Palliative Care department and world class technology at Geetanjali Cancer Centre. We have a tumor board where the team of doctors decides the best treatment for each patient.

What is Head and Neck Cancer?

Head and Neck Cancer is uncontrolled cellular division processes by the tissues of the oral cavity, larynx, salivary glands, nose, and face skin. During the condition, the cells undergo genetic mutation and divide irrepressibly.

Cause of the Head and Neck Cancer:

The primary causes that are responsible for Head and Neck Cancer in human beings are listed below:
1. Overuse of tobacco.
2. Chewing tobacco or smoking.
3. Continuous and overuse of alcoholic drugs.
4. Genetic causes.
5. Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV).
6. Lack of fruits and vegetables in daily diet.
7. Medical history of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
8. Exposure to toxic elements, for example, asbestos.

Symptoms of the Head and Neck Cancer:

The common symptoms of Head and Neck Cancer include:
1. Persistent Cough.
2. Hoarseness or unclarity in voice.
3. Minor pain while breathing.
4. Deep pain while swallowing or chewing food.
5. Sore throat.
6. Severe pain in the ears.
7. Weight loss.
8. Lump in throat.
9. Non-healing ulcer in the mouth

If you observe some of these symptoms in you or people around you, it is advisable to take immediate medical attention.

Diagnosis of the Head and Neck Cancer:

Head and Neck Cancer in the human body is diagnosed by tissue biopsy. A small section of tissue is medically examined to search for the presence of cancer cells. In some cases, endoscopy or laryngoscopy is also preferred.

Treatment of the Head and Neck Cancer in India:

Head and Neck Cancer treatment is possible only when detected at an early stage. The primary goal of doctors while treating cancer is to eliminate cancer cells and preserve the function of affected organs. The immediate treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, and medication therapy. Here is a brief description of all:
1. Surgery:
2. The primary focus of surgery is to eliminate the cancerous tumor around the affected organ. Types of surgeries are:
· Laser technology: When the laser is used to remove an early-stage larynx tumor.
· Excision: Excision is defined as an operation to remove cancerous tumors and some nearby healthy tissues. It is done to manage a healthy margin.
· Lymph node dissection: This operational method is followed when cancer has spread considerably. Similar to excision, the neck's lymph nodes are removed while operating dissection.
· Reconstructive surgery: Also known as plastic surgery, it is followed when significant tissue removal is required, for consideration, jaw, pharynx, tongue, or skin. Plastic surgery is done to replace the removed tissue.
3. Radiation therapy:
In radiation therapy, high-energy x-rays are used to destroy cancer cells. Radiation therapy is classified into - external beam therapy and internal beam therapy.
4. Medication therapy:
Under medication therapies, medicines are used to destroy cancer cells. The following types of medications can be used for Head and Neck Cancer.
· Chemotherapy: In chemotherapy, drugs prevent cancer cells from growing, dividing, and multiplying.
· Targeted therapy: As the name suggests, treatment targets specific cancer genes, proteins, and tissues. This limits the damage to healthy cells.
· Immunotherapy: Also known as biologic therapy, the body's immune system is boosted to fight against cancer cells in immunotherapy.

Geetanjali Hospital, Udaipur, is one of the best cancer-treating hospitals in India. Geetanjali Hospital deals with all kinds of cancer treatments, including treatment of Head and Neck Cancer in India. The cancer department at Geetanjali hospital has different oncologists, including a medical oncologist, radiation oncologist, and surgical oncologists. For more queries and questions, contact the best doctors and experts of Geetanjali Hospital, Udaipur.

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