Hematology

Hematology

Hematology is the branch of medicine with the study of blood and its components or blood disorders.

Hematology

Hematology is the branch of medicine with the study of blood and its components or blood disorders.
The treatment of blood disorders, Malignant tumors, Anemia, sickle cell diseases, glossary and bone marrow transplant are categorized under hematology. A doctor who is a specialist in diagnosing, preventing and treating blood disorders is known as hematologist and hematopathologist.

Difference between a hematologist and a hematopathologist

Hematologist:

The one who has training in hematology and is a board-certified pediatrician or doctor. A hematologist majorly manages and diagnoses patients with cancer and hematologic diseases.

Hematopathologist:

On another hand the one who has additional years of training in hematopathology along with board-certified in anatomical as well as clinical pathology. Hematopathology is the study of organs and tissues along with the study of blood diseases. Blood cell diseases are diagnosed by highly trained hematopathologists. The diagnosis is done after performing a blood test.

General hematology tests and their uses

For the prognosis of blood disorders, hematologists perform these tests:

Complete blood count (CBC):

This test is done to examine disorders like leukemia, anemia and other blood infection. It helps measure a variety of components like red blood cells, white blood cells, hemoglobin, platelets (cells that combine to make a blood clot), etc.

Prothrombin time (PT)

Prothrombin named protein is produced by our liver which helps form clots. This test is done to calculate the time taken by the blood to clot. If the doctor finds a problem related to the liver, a PT test can be helpful to diagnose the condition of the patient.

Partial thromboplastin time (PTT)

In case of heavy bleeding anywhere from the body either nose bleeding, while urinating or heavy periods the hematologist or bone Marrow Transplant physician will conduct a PTT test to check if the problem is related to any blood disorder.

International normalized ratio (INR)/ Standardized prothrombin time test (SPT)

It is a standard value which is already figured out in the test labs. The doctor prefers to check the INR value of the patient if he is taking anticoagulants to check whether the medication is affecting him or not. If the value is too high the patient is at higher risk of bleeding. The standard range of INR is 1.1 or below. Study shows that vitamin K helps lower the INR value.

Bone marrow biopsy

In the case when blood cells produced by the body are not enough for you the doctor may suggest you have a bone marrow biopsy. The soft tissues present in the bone are bone marrow. It is done with a needle which takes out a bit of bone marrow which is further analyzed by the hematologist. This whole process takes around 60min. Local anesthesia is given to the particular area before starting.

Process of treatment from the best hospital in Udaipur
Hematologists and Bone Marrow Transplant physicians in South Rajasthan are specialized in the treatment and therapies of blood cell disorders and bone marrow. They conduct sessions of ablation therapy which helps eliminate abnormal tissue, bone marrow transplantation, stem cell donations, cancer treatments, blood transfusions.

Future Scope

In a time when patients of blood-related diseases are increasing rapidly the need for hematologists is also increasing. Pursuing your career in this field could be a good decision for your better future. GMCH offers the best hematology in Udaipur.

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